World Health Organization, Regional Office for the Eastern Mediterranean Gov't Doc #: EM/RC54/R.2 Agenda item 6 [a]
Type Of Publication : Regional Committee resolutions RC Resolution Fulltext The Regional Committee, Having discussed the technical paper on neonatal mortality in the Eastern Mediterranean Region: determinants and strategies
for achieving Millennium Development Goal no.4; Recognizing the right of newborns to survive and grow up as healthy children; Recalling World Health Assembly resolutions WHA45.22 Child health and development: health of the newborn and WHA56.21 Strategy for child and adolescent health and development and Regional Committee resolutions EM/RC47/R.10 Infant and young child nutrition and EM/RC51/R.4 Moving towards the Millennium Development Goals: investing in maternal and child health; Acknowledging that to further reduce under-five mortality, as required by Millennium Development Goal no.4, it is essential to reduce neonatal mortality, which represents 40% of deaths among children under five years; Concerned at the inadequacy of vital registration and other data required to produce accurate information on maternal, infant and under-five child health indicators; Conscious that improvement of neonatal and child health depends on achieving universal coverage of existing cost-effective interventions, which are mostly the responsibility of both maternal and child health programmes, and availability of adequate resources; Recognizing the potential of the Child Health Policy Initiative to strengthen the neonatal health component of national child health policies; 1. URGES Member States to: 1.1 Strengthen and maintain neonatal health as an integral component of national child and maternal health policies and programmes; 1.2 Ensure universal coverage of the existing cost-effective interventions at both health system and community levels under Integrated Management of Child Health (IMCI)and Integrated Management of Pregnancy and Childbirth (IMPAC), and within the overall context of integrated management of maternal and child health; 1.3 Allocate resources necessary for reaching universal coverage; 1.4 Improve the quality of health care for mothers during pregnancy and for mothers and newborns at childbirth, including by ensuring availability of skilled health personnel; 1.5 Support and implement community-based interventions, especially in countries with weak health systems and inadequate human resources; 1.6 Improve the quality of vital registration and other relevant information and auditing systems in order to provide reliable data on maternal, neonatal and child health indicators and to monitor progress; 2. REQUESTS Regional Director to: 2.1 Continue to provide technical support for the development of child and maternal health policies including the newborn health component; 2.2 Continue to support national capacity-building for the implementation of cost-effective interventions; 2.3 Support operational research to generate evidence on cost-effectiveness of interventions in order to update policies, guidelines, strategies and interventions on neonatal care; 2.4 Strengthen national capacity for improving health information systems, vital registration and monitoring mechanisms.
Keywords: Maternal, Reproductive and Child Health,
( 2007).Neonatal mortality in the Eastern Mediterranean Region : determinants and strategies for achieving Millennium Development Goal no. 4, World Health Organization, Regional Office for the Eastern Mediterranean