Introduction: The current study aimed to elucidate the role of preparatory cognitive control in decision making and its neural correlates using functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging [fMRI] .
this effect, by employing a series of new cognitive tasks, we assessed the role of preparatory cognitive control in monetary [risky] decision making Methods: The participants had to decide between a risky and a safe gamble based on their chance of winning [high or low] . In the 2-phase gambling task [similar to Cambridge gambling task] , the chance and the gamble were presented at the same time [i. e. in a single phase] , but in a new 3-phase gambling task, the chance is presented before the gamble. The tasks ended with a feedback phase
Results: In the 3-phase task, holding the chance in memory to guide their decision enabled the participants to have more control on their risk taking behaviors as shown by activation in a network of brain areas involved in the control and conflict, including dorsal Anterior Cingulate Cortex [dACC] , indexed by faster reaction times and better performance in the gambling task, and the temporal lobe, which has a role in holding contextual information Discussion: Holding information in memory to guide decision presumably enables the participants to have more control on their risk taking behaviors. The conflict and uncertainty resulting from this risky decision was indexed by the activation of dACC, known to be activated in conflict and cognitive control
Ahmad Sohrabi ,Andra M. Smith ,Robert L. West ,Ian Cameron ,
An fMRI study of risky decision making: the role of mental preparation and conflict,
Basic Clin. Neurosci. 2015;
265-270 Views : 0