To evaluate the anatomic location of cysts, operative characteristics of intrathoracic extrapulmonary hydatid cyst and to determine the outcome of aggressive surgical interventions. Case series.
Thoracic Surgery Unit Lady Reading Hospital Peshawar from 1 [st] July 2008 to 30 [th] June 2011. All patients admitted to Thoracic unit from July 2008 to June 2011 with intra thoracic hydatid cysts were evaluated prospectively as to age, sex, symptoms, diagnostic procedures, anatomic location of cysts, surgical procedures, complications, and outcomes. Chest radiography, computed tomography, and thoracic and abdominal ultrasonography had been performed preoperatively in all of them. Bronchoscopy and spirometry was also performed in all patients for assessment and operability. Echocardiography had been used in 2 patients to determine the contiguity of the cyst to the pericardium. Cystectomy and wide resection were the chief operative procedures. Most of the patients were having cysts in the pulmonary parenchyma only 10 patients had intrathoracic cysts in extrapulmonary locations. This group of patients was included in the study. We excluded patients who had a parenchymal cyst that had perforated to the pleura, myocardial hydatid and patients who had Total of 149 patients were operated for hydatid cystectomy, out of these 139 patients had pulmonary hydatid and 10 patients had intrathoracic extrapulmonary hydatid cysts. These 10 patients constitute our study group; out of these 7 were men and 3 women whose mean age was 39.14 +/- 16.8 years range, [16-69 years] . Eight [80%] of these were symptomatic, most commonly with chest pain, two patients were asymptomatic. There were 2 [20%] mediastinal hydatid, 2 [20%] diaphragmatic, 2 [20%] pericardial, 2 [20%] oblique fissure, and 1 [10%] each in chest wall and pleural hydatid in our study. Albendazole [10 mg/kg] was prescribed to all patients for as long as 3 months postoperatively. No complication, recurrence, or death occurred during the follow up period of 13 +/- 15.4 months [range, 2-36 months] . The extrapulmonary location of Hydatid cysts within the thorax is very rare. This rarity may cause difficulties in diagnosis. To avoid recurrence, it is necessary to resect the affected tissues completely and an anthelmintic medical regimen post operatively
Manzoor Ahmad ,Muhammad Kaleem Ullah ,Muhammad Imran ,Aamir Bilal ,Muhammad Abid Khan ,Syed Zahid Ali Shah ,Abdul Baseer ,Bahauddin ,Faridullah Khan ,
Analysis of primary intrathoracic extrapulmonary hydatid cysts a rare clinical entity,
Pak. Armed Forces Med. J. 2015;
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