Background and Objectives : Attached gingival width [AGW] is an important marker for diagnosis of periodontal disease and normal gingival sulcus depth [GSD] is a sign of healthy periodontium.
The aim of this study was to determine the AGW and GSD in3-15 year-olds with three dentition systems in Isfahan in 2001 Materials and Methods : A total of360 students [120 students in each system] eligible for this cross sectional study were randomly chosen from 30 schools and examined clinically. Data were registered in a questionnaire by two professional examiners. The GSD [the distance from the free gingival margin to the deepest part of the pocket] was measured by a probe. Keratinized gingiva [the distance between the attached gingiva and mucogingival junction] was measured by a vernier caliper or probe and the AGW was measured by subtracting the two amounts in primary and permanent dentition systems. These amounts were registered in a questionnaire and compared using ANOV A and Tukey's test
Results : The AGW in the primary, mixed and permanent dentition systems was 2.60 +/- 7.02, 2.56 +/- 7.23 and 2.73 +/- 1.3mm, respectively. The lingual surface of the posterior mandible had the greatest amount of attached gingiva in the three dentition systems. Also, the GSD in permanent dentition system in the anterior, middle and posterior areas of both jaws and in the buccal, lingual and palatal surfaces was more than in the primary dentition system Conclusion : Based on the results, the AGW in permanent dentition was more than in primary and mixed dentition systems. The AGW increases with age and is not affected by gender. Also, the AGW was less in the lower jaw compared to the upper jaw and was more in lingual surface than in buccal surface
Abrishami Mohammad Reza ,Akbarzadeh Alireza ,
Attached gingival width and gingival sulcus depth in three dentition systems,
J. Dent. Sch. -Shahid Beheshti Univ. Med. Sci. 2013;
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