Background: Cutaneous Leishmaniasis caused by a parasite called Leishmania. Leishmaniasis is a main vector borne disease in the world and it can be transmitted to human by bite of sandflies.
Cutaneous Leishmaniasis was a major infectious disease during imposed war among combatants who were exposed because of their activity in the endemic areas located in south west of Iran. Military troops are very susceptible to get the infection as a result of their activity in the endemic areas, therefore the Integrated Health measures are needed to prevent the problem. The aim of this descriptive study was to assess the situation of the disease during imposed war Materials and Methods: This descriptive and cross-sectional study was carried out in order to find out the situation of the disease by using available data from 1980 to 1988. The data was analyses using SPSS Version 11.5. In addition, the result was compared with other National Health Organizations
Results: Based on these research findings, it should be noted that cutaneaous leishmaniasis was very common among conbataouts in Kozestan, the province with the highestprevalence [35275 cases] ; However, the west Azarbijan province in North west of Iran had low prevalence of infection [142 cases] ; Nevertheless, the disease has never been reported in Ardebil [North west of Iran] and Ghom [in the central of Iran] during imposed war Conclusions: The results of this study indicated that cutaneous Leishmaniasis was a major problem of combatant during imposed war, and its definitive control was ineffective and insufficient;therefore, The new control methods including Standard Leishmanization are needed to prevent the disease
A. Mehrabi Tavana ,A. Mehrabi Tavana ,A. A. Esfahani ,
[Cutaneous leishmaniasis in imposed war [Iraq against I. R. of Iran]during 1980-1988],
Sci. Res. J. Army Univ. Med. Sci. 2004;
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