To determine the diagnostic accuracy of fine-needle aspiration cytology [FNAC] in liver masses to isolate malignant from benign tumours and hepatocellular carcinoma [HCC] from metastatic tumours.
Cross-sectional, observational. Department of Histopathology, Combined Military Hospital, Peshawar, from June 2004 to June 2005. All the patients with liver masses confirmed by ultrasonography, irrespective of age and gender, were included. Patients with inflammatory lesions were excluded from the study. Selected patients underwent fine-needle aspiration under ultrasound guidance followed by needle biopsy. The cytological slides were stained by haematoxylin and eosin [H and E] stain, while Papanicolaous stain was employed in selective cases. Needle biopsy fragments were fixed in formalin followed by paraffin embedding and staining with H and E stain. Sensitivity and specificity of FNAC in the diagnosis of liver masses was determined using histological diagnosis on liver biopsy as gold standard. There were one hundred subjects. The mean age at presentation was 55 +/- 12 years with male to female ratio of 1.7: 1. Cytological diagnosis in 19 cases was benign/non-neoplastic and 81 was malignant. Out of the latter, 49 [60.49%] were HCC and 32 [39.51%] were metastatic tumours on cytology. The overall sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of FNAC in the diagnosis of malignant lesions was 95.2%, 100% and 96% respectively using histological diagnosis on liver biopsy as gold standard. Sensitivity of FNAC to differentiate HCC from metastatic tumours in liver was 96% while specificity was 100% having a diagnostic accuracy of 97.5%. The discrepancy in cyto-histological comparison was mainly seen in well-differentiated and poorly-differentiated HCCs. FNAC of the liver masses is a simple, safe, accurate, economical screening test without significant morbidity that can be used to identify the vast majority of hepatic neoplasms of primary or metastatic nature with high sensitivity, specificity and diagnostic accuracy
Raja Tariq Nazir ,Muhammad Ashraf Sharif ,Muhammad Iqbal ,Muhammad Shahbaz Amin ,
Diagnostic accuracy of fine needle aspiration cytology in hepatic tumours,
J. Coll. Physicians Surg. Pak. 2010;
373-376 Views : 0