Background: Considering the fast changing conditions of hospitals and their necessity of effectiveness, employees with voluntary behavior towards the organization and customers are required.
leadership as one of the modern styles in leadership tries to change the single-leadership framework and replace it with a teamwork approach. The aim of the study was to investigate the relationship between distributive leadership style and organizational citizenship behavior among the employees of Tehran medical science hospitals Methods: This correlational and cross-sectional study was conducted in the summer of 2015. The target population [n = 10089] included all employees of hospitals affiliated to Tehran University of medical sciences. Later, the sample population was reduced to 374 through the Morgan and Krejcie table. The Gordon  distributive leadership standard questionnaire and Organ organizational citizenship behavior questionnaire were applied for data collection. The questionnaires' reliability was supported based on the Cornbrash's Alpha and their validity was confirmed by specialists' point of view. For data analysis, both descriptive statistics and inferential statistics [Pearson correlation and Regression] were applied. The data were then analyzed using SPSS 
Results: The correlation between distributive leadership and organizational citizenship behavior was significant [p < 0.001] Conclusion: Considering the significant correlation between distributive leadership style and organizational citizenship behavior, hospitals can improve their employees' behavior significantly. This can be achieved by supporting individual- and team- works and giving employees more power
Mehrnoosh Jafari ,Mehrnoosh Jafari ,Fereshteh shoja ,Khalil Ali mohammadzadeh ,
Distributive leadership style: a new approach for spontaneous behaviors in hospitals,
J. Manag. Strateg. Health System. 2017;
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