Objective: To determine the effect of periodontal disease and dental decay on the respiratory system, which cause deterioration of oral health in athletes, to show the relationship and thus to
support sports performance Method: As a result of oral examination, athletes, first group; no periodontal disease and no rot [age: 16, 8 +/- 4, 72, 10male, 15 female] . The second group; <4 patients with oral disease [age: 18.2 +/- 4.88, 22 males, 22 females] . The third group is; >/= 4 oral diseases [age: 20, 8 +/- 4, 60, 19 males, 23 females] . The mean prevalence value [DM] , DMF-T index, and gingival assessment [GI] were performed. FEV1/FVC percent ratio and FVC mean value were measured.
Results: The mean FEV1/FVC percent value of the first group of 25 athletes was 84, 8+/-2, 26 and the mean value of BKI was 20, 8 +/- 4, 56. The DMF-T index of 44 athletes in the second group was found to be 1.7. As a result of the GI assessment, 13 sportsmen were diagnosed with Acute Gingivitis dental disease. The mean body mass index of this group was 22.2 +/- 3.49; As a result of the respiratory test, the mean value of FEV1/FVC percent was found to be 85+/-2, 22. The DMF-T index of 42 sportsmen in the third group was found to be 6.7. There was no significant difference between the oral health problems of the second group of athletes and FEV1/FVC percent [P>0, 05] . However, there was a significant relationship between FEV1/FVC percent and oral health status of third group athletes [P = 0.038, P <0.05] . Conclusion: FEV1/FVC percent decreases with poor oral health and this shows that respiratory values are affected when oral health is bad. This can affect the athlete's performance negatively
Osman Hamamcilar ,Osman Hamamcilar ,Tugba Kocahan ,Bihter Akinoglu ,Adnan Hasanoglu ,
Effect of poor oral health on respiratory functions which is one of the important factor of sportive performance,
Med. J. Islamic World Acad. Sci. 2018;
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