Filariasis is endemic worldwide in the tropical areas. It is uncommon in Saudi Arabia, but has been reported from the areas adjoining the Red Sea, particularly from the South- Western region.
Conventional diagnostic procedures include the demonstration of microfilaria in the blood smears or in the skin snips. Both of these procedures have high false-negative rates. ' In surgical material, the diagnosis is relatively easy when viable filarial worm is present.3 Necrotic and calcified worms may require special stains for identification. Similarly, microfilaria may be missed if you are not aware of the possibility, particularly in cases where tissue eosinophilia is absent. The purpose of this paper was to illustrate these examples and to review the appropriate literature, in order to make physicians aware of this uncommon entity. This is a retrospective study of three cases of filariasis seen during a period of 20 years [1981- 2001] in the Riyadh Armed Forces Hospital [RKH]
Abdul Haleem ,Abdul Haleem ,Muna Al Juboury ,Hussa Al Husseini ,
Filariasis: a report of three cases,
Ann_Saudi Med. 2002;
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