Violence against women is a major health and human right issue, the aim of the study is to identify the patterns and factors contributing to domestic violence against pregnant women in Alexandria.
The study was conducted in four outpatient clinics representing the different health organizations concerned with the provision of maternity care districts within Alexandria city. A sample of six hundred pregnant  and nonpregnant women  was randomly selected, from the ante-natal and family planning clinics. an interview schedule was used. The showed mean age group was 32.4 +/- 4.96 years for the study group compared to 31.23 +/- 5.12 for the control group. More than one-half of the two groups were illiterates. The majority [80.7 %] of the study group had faced physical violence compared to 55 % of the control group.67.3 % and 66 % of the study and control groups respectively had faced psychological violence.70 % of the study group had faced sexual violence compared to 61.7 % of the control group. It can be concluded that: Pregnancy was found to be a provoking factor to increased incidence of violence. The main factors contributing to violence were sexual problems, arguing or rebellion, non-apparent cause, economic problems, negligence, jealousy as well as drug abuse. Also, were younger, illiterate, worker. Pregnant women also faced different patterns of violence as psychological, sexual and physical patterns, which had profound effects on pregnant women and their fetuses such as premature labour, abortion, vaginal bleeding and backache. So, it is recommended that woman needs to be empowered through education, employment opportunities, and legal literacy. Also, the media plays a pivotal role in both influencing and changing social attitudes that tolerate violence against women by questioning patterns of violent behaviors accepted by families and societies
Hanan Kandeel ,Hanan Kandeel ,Zakia Toama ,Soheir Sobhy ,Shadia Yassib ,
Identify the patterns and factors contributing to domestic violence against pregnant women,
Alex. Sci. Nurs. J. 2003;
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