Backgroand and Aim: Mutans streptococci are the main cause of tooth decay. Application of natural materials as mouthwash has been effective in reducing the bacterial count. This study aimed to
assess the antimicrobial effebts of rose water and pomegranate vinegar in comparison with Persica mouthwash on two oral bacteria gesponsible for tooth decay. Materials and Methods: Strongly adherent strains of Streptococcus mutans and Streptococcus sobrinus were selected for this in vitro study. Antimicrobial effects of pomegranate vinegar and rose water on microbial count in the biofilm and adhesion potential of bacteria was evaluated by microtiter plate method. Also, the well-plate technique was used to assess the effect of rose water and pomegranate vinegar in comparison with Persica mouthwash on bacterial growth and proliferation. The obtained resulted were analyzed by one-way ANOVA and Tukey's post hoc test using Graph Pad Prism version 5 software. Level of significance was set at P: 0.05 withglo/o confidence interval.
Results: Pomegranate vinegar, rose water and Persica decreased plaque formation by S. mutans by 93%, 80% and 680%, respectively. These values for the S. sobrinus were 92%, 57% and 48%, respectively [all Ps<0.001] - Pomegranate vinegar was more effective than the other fwo materials [p<0.001] . However, none of these materials eliminated the biofilm. Pomegranate vinegar and Persica mouthwash had a negative effect on growth of the aforementioned bacteria.
F. Ramezanalizadeh ,M. Rabbani ,M. Khoroushi ,A. AHasghari ,
[In Vitro Assessment of Antibucteriul Activie of Pomegranate Vinegur ilnd Rose Water Compared with Persicu Mouthwush on Oral Bacteriu],
J. Dent. Biomater. 2015;
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