We conducted a prospective controlled study on 150 patients with sterile urine undergoing ESWL treatment for renal and ureteric stones to evaluate the value of a single dose of antibiotic prophylaxis.
The patients were placed randomly in three groups with 50 patients in each group. A single dose of i. v.1.2 g co-amoxiclav was given to patients in Group A, 80 mg gentamicin to Group B and isotonic saline was given to Group C as a control, at the beginning of ESWL treatment. Urine cultures after ESWL were obtained at 24 h and 1 week, five patients in group A [10%] ; six patients in Group B [12%] and five patients [10%] in the control group had positive urine cultures after ESWL. The methodology, results and conclusions drawn from this study are presented
H. A. Mosli ,
Prophylactic antibiotics for ESWL treatment,
Saudi Med. J. 1993;
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