Background: Health equity is a main principle of all healthcare systems in the world. Family Physician [FP] program, as a health sector reform [HSR] in Iran, was executed to reduce households'
health care cost and to achieve health equity in 2004. Meanwhile, catastrophic health expenditure is known as an accepted indicator in HSR evaluation. In this context, after determining and comparing socioeconomic status [SES] among different periods, we made an attempt to evaluate households' health financial protection in different quintiles after implementation of FP program Methods: The current cross-sectional study was based on the data obtained from Household Income and Expenditure Survey in 2004 and 2011. The health expenditures, catastrophic health expenditure [CHE] , and SES were determined by this data during these years. Descriptive analyses and comparisons using Chi-squared test were carried out via SPSS, version 20
Results: A total of 1716 households were included in the survey during 2004 and 2011. The highest proportion of households was related to quintiles very poor and poor with respect to each year. Moreover, it was observed that SES in 2011 had the worse situation compared to that in 2004; this situation was worse in urban areas. In the present study, CHE is related to poorer quintiles, and in rural areas no household was faced with CHE in 2011 Conclusions: Implementation of FP program in rural areas with more primary care has prevented hospitalization. This was considerable for poorer quintiles and has led to financial protection for rural households
Majid Davari ,Maryam Kheyri ,Seyyed Mohammad Kazem Nourbakhsh ,Reza Khadivi ,
Socioeconomic status and catastrophic health expenditure evaluation in IR Iran: a comparative study in 2004 and 2011,
Soc. Determ. Health. 2015;
48-59 Views : 0