This study discovers new endemic villages in Ninewa province, north Iraq [Yaremja, Ejmisa, Hmidat, Rabeiq Tal Talab and Abo Sheeta] that had never previously been reported as foci of leishmaniasis.
Out of 558 sand flies vector of ZCL, only 267 females were collected from selected villages ofNinewa province [North Iraq] . Only one species of sand fly [Phlebotomus papatasi] was found. 'he dissection of these females yieled 91 [37.4%] positive with promastigote stages. The result revealed that the period of transmission of ZCL in North Iraq is between July and November. Out of 316 patients who were clinically suspected of ZCL only 192 [60.7%] were confirmed parasitologically positive. Both sexes were affected, males more than females  . Lesions were found predominantly in children [79.5%] which were found mostly situated on the uncovered parts of the human body. About three forth of the patients had multiple lesions [74.0%] . The size of most lesions were between 1-2 cm [74.2%] . The peak of seasonal incidence of acquired lesions occurred in February
The distribution of sand fly vector of zoonotic cutaneous leishmaniais [ZCL] with some aspects of the disease in ninewa province north Iraq,
Iraqi J. Community Med. 2003;
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